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Traumatic brain injury is the common category that occurs with the maximum instances following head injury or physical trauma from an external source. Brain injury comes about all of a sudden without giving any warning. In a moment life is altered everlastingly. Every day we take part in activities which produce never-ending risks for undergoing… Read more »
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There are two types of brain injuries and they are traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury. Traumatic brain injury occurs when an external force injures and acquired brain injury occurs when more pressure is given to the brain. It can occur from a tumor. There are different brain injury symptoms which occur during injury…. Read more »
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This syndrome includes retinal abnormalities as well as epileptic seizures in form of immature spasms. Aicardi syndrome occurs due to deficiency of X chromosome. This syndrome is observed in boys as well as in girls with a Klinefelter syndrome. The symptoms of Aicardi syndrome appears in an infant before it grows 5 months old. Klinefelter… Read more »
Brain Injury – An Understanding Of The Disease Helping You Know What You Can Do
Traumatic brain injury is the common category that occurs with the maximum instances following head injury or physical trauma from an external source. Brain injury comes about all of a sudden without giving any warning. In a moment life is altered everlastingly. Every day we take part in activities which produce never-ending risks for undergoing brain injuries – events encompass an accident with the car as you drive to market, a tumble from your motorcycle or a knock at the head. Brain injury is considered as an important societal and medical concern during the past 30 years. As the medical technology advances, a number of people who would be dead are now alive with grave brain injuries. Sometimes, emotionally, socially and financially astronomical cost is incurred.
It is assessed that the majority of traumatic brain injury occurs with young adults. They can have an average life expectancy although they will need special care. Most of the bicyclists who die every year die due to brain injuries and the majority of the severe brain injuries would be prevented if a helmet is worn. A considerable number of persons are affected by brain injury every year and statistics imply that the brain injury incidence is twice higher in men.
Brain Injury Effects
The brain injury effects can be unique and varied as the persons who incur them. As brain injuries happen in different brain areas with differing degrees of gravity, no two persons will get affected exactly the identical way. A brain injury can affect an individual in many ways involving his thinking, personality, mobility or communication.
Some common brain injury symptoms are alterations in memory, response time, concentration, initiative, planning, problem solving, insight, flexibility, anger control, behaviour, talking, emotional stability, dependence and depression. Subsequent to a brain injury, an individual can suffer these effects in any number in different degrees.
Several people having brain injury will also get physical disabilities like paralysis of a limb, loss of hearing and/or vision. Certain people encounter speech impairment in differing degrees. Others may remain capable of speaking, but because of cognitive impairments find difficulty arranging their thoughts to make a meaningful speech. A number of persons may lose their smelling sense, put up with headaches or may have to tackle having seizures. Emotional effects differ as the individual having brain injury will experience alterations in control of emotion. This can be connected to brain injuries or related to the irritations that the individual endures as he struggles in adapting to his recent self.
Apprehension of the injury effects together with the augmented dependency as well as loss of power over life may cause depression. A brain injury can bring about devastating social consequences. Numerous people lose their friends and have difficulty maintaining and cultivating new friendships. Such difficulties may be caused by the individual being subjected to communication problems.
Rehabilitation and treatment for brain injuries
Simply as there are no two persons completely alike, brain injuries are also different with different people. Proper brain injury treatment will differ in accordance with the requirements of the person. Treatments and programs change as the individual’s requirements change. An individual suffering from brain injuries may have to be transferred to various facilities all through the process of recovery. A program for rehabilitation would commonly focus on the components such as cognitive, vocational, behavioural, educational, recreation and community re-entry. The family members’ active involvement all through the process of rehabilitation is a vital component for achieving maximum success.
There are two types of brain injuries and they are traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury. Traumatic brain injury occurs when an external force injures and acquired brain injury occurs when more pressure is given to the brain. It can occur from a tumor. There are different brain injury symptoms which occur during injury.
Brain Injury Symptoms
A person can get physically and psychologically affected due to brain injury. There are some common brain injury symptoms which can be seen during the injury and they are loss of consciousness, dizziness, vomiting, irritability, seizures, nausea, headache, amnesia, memory impairment, moodiness, confusion, tinnitus, bad taste in mouth, blurred vision, behavioral changes, balance problems, etc.
If the brain injury occurs in children they may not be able to express their feelings to their parents. The brain injury symptoms in children include poor performance at school, lack of interest in playing toys or other activities, cranky demeanor or listlessness, disrupted sleep, loss of appetite, etc.
If the injury is severe then, the brain injury symptoms include comatose states, poor coordination, inexorable headaches, agitation, seizures, nausea and vomiting, slurred speech, weakness or deadness in limbs, jerking bodily movements and convulsions, dilated eyes, etc. A brain injury directly affects the personality of an individual, internal functions and physical abilities. After the injury or after several hours, the symptoms can be observed. The mild brain injury symptoms are seen in other diseases as well and so it is mistaken. Therefore, while treating this kind of injury proper diagnosis must be done.
If brain injury is severe then, it needs proper and quick medical attention and the severe brain injury symptoms are difficulty in walking, inability to wake from sleep, coma, sweating, dilation in both pupils’ eyes, weakness in one side, deep cut in the scalp, short term memory loss, blood draining from nose or ears, open wound in the head, etc. The severe brain injury is uncontrollable. Hence, if any person has a blow to head then, he should directly contact the doctor to treat it immediately. A lot of tests are done while diagnosing for brain injury. The tests include magnetic resonance imaging, CT (computed tomography) scans, blood test, etc.
When Medical Help is Needed?
If a person has the above brain injury symptoms then, he should immediately go to the doctor whether it is mild or severe brain injury. The patient must be transported to the emergency room immediately if he feels that injury pain has increased. If there is a common problem then, also he must go to a physician for a checkup. The signs such as sleepiness, forgetfulness and change in behavior are also considered as a red flag. Always be alert of some symptoms which can occur due to brain injury and so there should be solution with you. Therefore, do not ignore a common symptom of brain injury and each symptom should be treated properly.
Moreover, patients with mild brain injury can be observed at home but people having severe brain injury should be hospitalized immediately and should be taken care by doctors. Even severe brain injury patients need surgery to get rid of it. Therefore, patients of severe brain injury symptoms should be treated properly. However, sometimes doctors cannot be able to diagnose a mild brain injury as it is invisible. A mild kind of brain injury is temporary but severe brain injury can last longer. Both the injuries have good recovery if treated properly.
This syndrome includes retinal abnormalities as well as epileptic seizures in form of immature spasms. Aicardi syndrome occurs due to deficiency of X chromosome. This syndrome is observed in boys as well as in girls with a Klinefelter syndrome. The symptoms of Aicardi syndrome appears in an infant before it grows 5 months old. Klinefelter syndrome is also referred as 47 XXY syndromes. This syndrome includes condition in which females have an extra XX chromosome while human male have X chromosome.
An affected individual will have least one Y chromosome and two X chromosomes. Due to this extra chromosome, an individual is referred to XXY males or 47 XXY males. Generally infants are most frequently identified with this Aicardi syndrome as they grow old up to 5 months. A considerable amount of the girls are having normal births plus seems to be normally developing until the age of 3 months and at this age they begin to have infantile spasm. The commencement of the infantile spasm at this age is only because of the ultimate neural synapses in brain which is a normally a brain development process.
Symptoms of Aicardi syndrome:
Aicardi syndrome symptoms are visible during the infant reaches at the age of 3 months and hence show often. The symptoms include jerking or infantile spasms which is actually a childhood seizure. Aicardi syndrome also occurs with many other brain defects. Other symptom also includes cat’s eye or coloboma. Cat’s eye is a defect of the iris of eye or can be considered as a hole. Mostly cat’s eye is visible since birth. Cat’s eye seems to be a dark black and round hole which is located in the coloured part of the iris or might be next to the iris.
Cat’s eye gives irregular shape to the pupil. Cat’s eye causes blurred vision; create ghost image, halos, floaters, blind spots and etc. The imperfection also includes the choroid, retina or the optic nerve. Cat’s eye is diagnosed shortly after the birth. Cat’s eye can occur because of the eye surgery, any type of inherited conditions, and trauma to eye. In most of the cases of cat’s eye there are no known causes as well as are unrelated to the other abnormalities. Very small amount of people with the cat’s eye have inherited problems of development.
It is also well known as intellectual and developmental disabilities. Mental retardation is a state which is diagnosed before the age of 18 years which includes low average intellectual function plus lack of all the skills which are necessary for the routine living. Causes of mental retardation may be types of infections, chromosomal abnormalities, environmental, genetic abnormalities, metabolic, malnutrition, toxic, trauma, and sometimes unexplained. The symptoms of mental retardation includes infant like behaviour, learning ability got decreased, fail to meet the intellectual development, inability to fulfil the education demands, lack or loss of curiosity and etc.
Smaller than normal eyes:
This is also renowned as microphthalmia. In this symptom the eyes of an individual seems to be very small as compared to the normal eye.
Treatments of Aicardi syndrome:
Aicardi syndrome treatment includes medical care, surgical care, consultations and diet. Medical care includes seizures which are types of epilepsy therapies. Consultation with a child neurologist is basically required during the first year of the birth. A paediatric ophthalmologist is also required in the first birth year to consult in a proper way. Diet preferred is a ketogenic diet which controls the seizures which are related with Aicardi syndrome especially infantile spasm can be indicated.